Covid & Pregnancy

The covid and pregnancy risks and precautions

Pregnancy and motherhood are the most beautiful life altering events in a women’s life.
Being pregnant is a time of celebration for the woman and her family but in the times of corona it can be accompanied by a lot of anxiety and uncertainty
There is no evidence that pregnant women are more likely to get seriously ill from coronavirus than normal population but they have been included in the list of people at moderate risk (clinically vulnerable) as a precautionary measure.
Pregnant women should follow the guidelines on staying alert and safe (social distancing) and avoiding suspected people who have symptoms suggestive of the virus. If you are in your third trimester (more than 28 weeks’ pregnant) you should be particularly attentive to these guidelines.
Covid-19 is an infection caused by SARS-COV2 which first appeared in the city of Wuhan, China and then spread world wide.

MODE OF TRANSMISSION ?
The main mode of transmission of this infection is from person-to-person through respiratory droplets

SYMPTOMS ?
The symptoms may vary from mild fever and cough to severe breathlessness requiring respiratory support.
The large majority of pregnant women experience only mild or moderate symptoms.

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS ?
Wear a mask covering the nose and mouth; don’t touch your face very frequently
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water/ using hand sanitiser with 70% alcohol for 20 seconds
Maintain social distance ,but do not self-isolate
There are certain common queries in terms of pregnancies in times of corona, hope you’ll get answers to most of them

EFFECT OF COVID-19 INFECTION ON PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH ?
Evidence is limited.
Available studies have shown no effect of coronavirus on pregnancy, apart from preterm labour in some cases.
There is no increase risk of miscarriages.
Direct mother-to-child transmission from a mother’s blood has not been identified

ARE ANTENATAL VISITS NECESSARY ?
ANC visits are very much mandatory as most of the pregnancy blood and radiological investigations are time bound including the vaccines in pregnancy.
Attend all of your pregnancy scans and antenatal appointments with due precautions.
Emergency services are available 24/7.
If in labor : Please call the labour ward or maternity unit before you are reaching so that the team is ready to receive you with the right gear.

IS TRAVELLING SAFE ?
Avoid travel as far as possible. Travel for medical care if essential. Use a private vehicle if possible. If public transport is unavoidable, take measures to avoid contact with other persons, crowding and touching surfaces.

PREFFERED MODE OF DELIVERY?
Vaginal delivery can be performed unless there is an obstetrics indication for Caesarean section.

DOES MY BABY NEED COVID-19 TEST ?
If you have an active infection or if your baby has any such symptoms.

IS BREASTFEEDING SAFE ?
Yes, breast feeding is very much essential as it provides proper nutrition and antibodies to your baby to fight any kind of infection. You must follow all the principles of respiratory hygiene and hand hygiene when handling the baby. If mother is seriously ill : then expressed breast milk can be given by hospital staff/relatives with due precautions.

HOW TO REDUCE ANXIETY?
Do not panic.
Take breaks from the news.
Exercise regularly at home and eat healthy balanced diet.
Folic acid and Vit D supplementations to support healthy pregnancy.
Pursue your hobbies.
Stay in touch with friends and family through phone or social media.
And never stop believing in Hope as bad days don’t last forever.

STAY HOME AND STAY SAFE

HAVE A HAPPY AND A SAFE MOTHERHOOD

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