PCOD or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or Disorder is these days highly responsible for causing infertility in women. Even though this is yet another hormonal condition that is often causing abnormal production of androgens in the body, but it sure is a matter of great concern. With this condition, the woman is not able to have a normal ovulation and in some cases leads to lack of ovulation.
Reason of PCOD
It is sighted that Androgens or the male hormones as referred in common terms is the primary reason. These hormones are present in males that cause production of muscle mass and hair growth in men. In women, too these are required to produce estrogen. However, with PCOS condition the level of these hormones shoot up beyond the normal range. With surplus Androgens, women suffer from physical conditions like acne and excessive hair growth on their body. It also leads to irregular and often absent ovulation that result in irregularity of periods or even absent menstrual periods. With these, a woman encounters difficulty in conception.
Influence of PCOS on fertility
Any female suffering from PCOS suffers from changes in hormones that are responsible for the production of eggs and causes troubles in pregnancy. Women who have PCOS are not able to conceive due to three reasons.
Trouble With Ovulation
Irregularity with periods as opposed to healthy women who are able to have normal cycles
Even if an egg is released, the uterus lining or the endometrium may not be ready for pregnancy
Symptoms of PCOS
The following symptoms will help you understand about PCOS occurrence:
- Irregularity in menstrual cycles or lack of cycles
- Excessive body or facial hair seen in teens and females in their 20s
- The condition worsens over the years with increase in hair growth
It is due to the surplus testosterone and androstenedione that results in high male hormone production in females in their blood. Hirsutism is the condition that is marked by excessive body hair.
Chances of PCOS
This syndrome is common to women at early reproductive age. Estimated 8-10% women are said to suffer from this syndrome.
PCOS and fertility
Women suffering from PCOS are not able to produce healthy egg that is required for fertilization by male sperm. With this disorder, the woman needs proper treatment to be able to conceive. Ovulation thus becomes a necessary change in the body that enables in preparation of mature egg.
The infertility rate with polycystic ovaries is very high. These women usually will have difficulty getting pregnant – and usually require treatment to improve chances for pregnancy.
Often PCOS is treatable through medications, if it is an acute case then IVF or In Vitro Fertilization may be required to help the female conceive. The treatments are determined upon the case history and the medical condition of the patient.
Consult your gynecologist immediately if you or your loved one is suffering from PCOS to avoid further trouble.